Town & Country is a leading transport training provider in the North West. Part of the DriverLink Group.

The Highway Code

So Guys,

Blog of the week – The Highway Code…

…I can hear the laughing already, last read the day of your driving test!

But seriously, The Highway Code contains the rules of the road, and learning just a few of the rules can give you a lot more credibility when some idiot doesn’t know what they’re doing.

Rule 259 for instance – How to join the Motorway

Rules 221 and 222 are useful too, but as professional drivers, you know that, don’t you?

Reading the code can save you hassle too, would you stop for a Highways Agency Traffic Officer?

If your answer is no, then you could be in trouble,

If your answer is yes, then where do they have the power to stop you??

Rule 108 will give you the answer to this one, Rules 106, and 107, will tell you the powers of the Police and VOSA, and tell you the correct procedures they should follow when stopping you. Knowledge will empower you, and as you are now recognised as trained professionals, if you get it wrong, you will be prosecuted as trained professionals, which means higher fines of course!

Then there are the Flash for Cash scams that have replaced the Crash for Cash scams. Rule110 is the one they use to get their money, ‘ Only flash your headlights to let others know you are there’ ,not to let them out of a junction etc.

At this time of year, Rule 229 comes into force. Before you set off:

  • You MUST be able to see, so clear all snow and ice from all your windows
  • You MUST ensure that lights are clean and number plates are clearly visible and legible
  • Make sure the mirrors are clear and windows are demisted thoroughly
  • Remove all snow that might fall off into the path of other road users

Get yourself a copy, or book a course with Driverlink, and get your knowledge up to date.

Drive safe,



First Person on the Scene of an Accident

Ok guys, this will be the first in a series of updates based on frequently asked questions, not just from course dates but general telephone enquiries.

This week I would like to focus on being the first person on the scene of an accident, and would like to state that you do not have to stop and you do not have to give first aid, but imagine if you did and you saved a life.

Personally, I carry a kit in my car which contains a high visibility vest and coat, warm clothing including a hat and gloves, bottles of fresh water, a fire extinguisher, a first aid kit and a tool kit, in some countries, some of those items are compulsory.

When you arrive at the scene, always check for danger by assessing the site, DO NOT PUT YOURSELF AT DANGER. Look around, is anything likely to collide with you? Can you safely access the injured victims? Are there any hazardous goods involved including fuel leaks?

Call the emergency services, and stay calm. One of the first pieces of information they will need is your location, take a look around, can you see any sign posts or land marks? Relay your investigation to the emergency service operator – don’t worry, they will have already dispatched help to you and this information will be relayed to the professionals while they are on route.

Assess the victims, are they conscious, bleeding and/or breathing. Would you know what to do if they are suffering? If not, maybe you need to consider a First Aid course, the next victim may be a close loved one.

Provide as much first aid as you possibly can, comfort the injured and reassure them. you will never be sued for giving first aid, this is a common question asked in our courses. Ask others for help if you are unsure about anything.

First Aid saves lives, and we believe everybody should do this course at least once per year. Should you have any questions or be interested in this kind of course, you can reach us on 01942 826133

Drive safe

Hazardous Goods training (ADR)

At long last the project for Driverlink Training to deliver ADR Training Courses has finally been approved by the SQA, and as a result we will be running these courses from various locations across the North West including Warrington, Preston and Skelmersdale.


1  ADR works in such a way that classification is the precursor for everything that follows.  Once a substance or article has been properly classified, table A (ADR 3.2.1) allows every other requirement to be ascertained by working logically through the columns.


2  The rules for classification are in ADR at part 2. Dangerous substances (and this includes articles) are very widely defined, but some, for example most medicines and cosmetics, do not have the hazardous properties that would bring them within scope of the requirements, and those that do are usually carried in very small receptacles, allowing at least partial exemption from the requirements (either limited quantities or limited loads.

3  Consignors have a duty to identify the hazards of the goods they intend to transport. There are nine classes, some with divisions, as follows.

UN ClassDangerous GoodsDivision(s)Classification
1Explosives1.1 – 1.6Explosive
2Gases2.1Flammable gas
2.2Non-flammable, non-toxic gas
2.3Toxic gas
3Flammable liquidFlammable liquid
4Flammable solids4.1Flammable solid
4.2Spontaneously combustible substance
4.3Substance which in contact with water emits flammable gas
5Oxidising substances5.1Oxidising substance
5.2Organic peroxide
6Toxic substances6.1Toxic substance
6.2Infectious substance
7Radioactive materialRadioactive material
8Corrosive substancesCorrosive substance
9Miscellaneous dangerous goodsMiscellaneous dangerous goods

4 Part 2 of ADR works through the categories in logical sequence.  It sets out descriptions and criteria in some detail.  The consignor must assign a “proper shipping name” and UN Number to the substance.

5 All relevant  hazards have to be determined (ADR There is a hierarchy of classification (ADR and there are rules about choosing the most appropriate entry and hence UN number (ADR 3.1.2).

6 Many substances and generic groups (e.g. paints) have already been classified, so in many cases a consignor may only need to find his substance in the “dangerous goods list”, which is in part 3 of ADR. The lists are by UN Number (Table A) and alphabetical (Table B) . Both lists are at the end of Volume 1 of ADR.

7 Many preparations (i.e. mixtures of substances) will not be found in table A of ADR. In those cases the rules for classification need to be followed.

8 An important change was made in ADR 2011 in paragraph The effect of this is that dangerous goods should be classified and named according to the properties of the predominant substance, and in general the presence of impurities is not relevant. There are some specific exceptions which are set out in

9 Once a UN number and proper shipping name have been assigned, table A allows all the relevant parts of ADR to be accessed. Some substances with the same name will have different degrees of danger (for example flash point). This is reflected in the “packing group” (PG), which is found in column 4 of table A. The head of column 4 in turn directs you to the relevant part of ADR (in this case Where a substance has been classified from “first principles”, its PG will be determined by its properties (for example ADR shows how flammable liquids are assigned a PG)

10 Some substances are not assigned a PG (notably gases and explosives), but they do have a transport category, the relevance of which will be discussed elsewhere  in relation to limited load exemptions. In certain special circumstances it may not be practicable to classify the goods fully before carriage, for example when sending samples for analysis. In such cases it is acceptable to “over-classify” the goods on the basis of the information which is already available (ADR 2.1.4).

11 Proper shipping names may also be qualified by the addition of the terms such as ‘SOLUTION’; ‘LIQUID’; ‘SOLID’; ‘MOLTEN’, ‘STABILIZED’. Details at ADR to

12 ADR has changed in respect of classification for environmental hazards. There are links to the “supply” classifications implemented in GB by the CHIP regulations and to the GHS system of classification. See ADR at and This means that all dangerous goods, not just those directly assigned UN 3077 (solids) or UN 3082 (liquids), meeting the relevant criteria will be regarded as environmentally hazardous substances and required to show the “dead fish and tree” mark. The requirements for the mark mirror the provisions for labels and placards (ADR and 5.3.6).


13 With the exception of clinical waste, wastes are classified in the same way as other substances. The rules at ADR mean that where generic or “NOS” names are chosen, the substance or substances giving rise to the hazards may have to be named. See Special Provision 274 where it appears in column 6 of Table A. The word “WASTE” should qualify other descriptions where applicable (ADR, and should appear before the “Proper Shipping Name”.

Article extracted from the HSE website.

New Website!

I have been working on my new website for quite some time now and has now finally been launched. To mark this occasion we have decided to heavily discount our Basic First Aid course; this has also been approved for your Driver CPC and will constitute as 7 hours towards your 35.
This discount is available to the first 10 customers who use the code which is currently on the homepage of the website.
I have tried to keep the design as simple as possible, please take a look around and feed back to us your thoughts!